64 years ago, a drill instructor marched Marine recruits to their death at boot camp

64 years ago, a drill instructor marched Marine recruits to their death at boot camp

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While many argue that their basic training or boot camp was “treacherous” and harder than those of military personnel to follow, a general consensus is that these perceptions are often personal exaggerations that are as old as soldiery itself.

However, one cannot deny the harshness of training when it costs a significant number of human lives in a single moment- a moment that -64 years ago to this very day- would forever change the course of history for the US Marine Corps.

In the chilly darkness of April 8, 1956, US Marine Staff Sergeant Matthew McKeon growled at members of Platoon 71, a class of recruits training at South Carolina’s Parris Island.

Feeling unsatisfied with the quality of his recruits and having had a few drinks of vodka prior, he decided to toughen them up by ordering them to grab their equipment and march into the darkness until he determined they were worn out enough to learn a lesson in discipline.

Platoon 71, just one of many platoons in “A” Company, 3rd Recruit Training Battalion, would change history as they disappeared from view of the camp’s lit area.

With almost no moonlight to speak of, the recruits followed McKeon, who was often considered a superb leader. A former Navy man who served aboard the USS Essex in World War II, McKeon later joined the Marines and spent fourteen months in the Korean War as a heavy weapons squad leader.


After Korea, McKeon was selected for Drill Instructor training and was considered “bright, hard-working and alert.”


Something was different on the night of April 8, however, and as the unit approached one of the many tidal streams on Parris Island, a lack of alertness would turn to tragedy.

Ordering his men to follow him across Ribbon Creek, McKeon likely did not fully appreciate the swift waters that occur when the tide changes, resulting in some men vanishing into the water- many who couldn’t swim.

“Anyone who can’t swim will drown,” he shouted. “Anyone who can swim will be eaten by the sharks!”

Moments later, six Marine recruits -Private Thomas Curtis Hardeman, Private First Class Donald Francis O’Shea, Private Charles Francis Reilly, Private Jerry Lamonte Thomas, Private Leroy Thompson and Private Norman Alfred Wood- were missing, presumed dead.

In the immediate aftermath, the Beaufort County Sheriff and several Marines were dispatched to locate the missing. The following day, Beaufort County Sheriff J. Ed McTeer furnished dragging equipment to a shrimp boat, dredging the creek and pulling up five of the recruits. The day after, a Marine DI donned diving gear and discovered the last Marine, stuck in a hole of water around 15 feet deep.

The reaction from the press was relentless and brutal, and no sooner than the bodies were shipped off to their respective families, a court of inquiry was assembled.

Soon, the entire nation was divided- there were those who despised McKeon for what had happened and those who felt he was just trying to toughen up his men.

McKeon was given pro-bono defense by Emile Zola Berman, a savvy attorney and highly-decorated World War II veteran from New York City who pointed out that harsh treatment by DIs was common, and that McKeon was simply a scapegoat.

The highest-profile moment of the case was an appearance by Marine legend retired Lt. Gen. Lewis “Chesty” Puller.

On the stand, Puller referred to the Ribbon Creek Incident as a “deplorable accident,” but noted that Marines must be trained to a high standard of discipline, lest they resort to mob-like behavior.

In private, however, Puller allegedly gave McKeon a verbal lashing.

McKeon was charged with Drinking in enlisted barracks, oppression of 74 recruits, culpable negligence in the deaths of six recruits, oppression of the six dead recruits, drinking in front of a recruit and negligent homicide.

By the end of the trial, then-Secretary of the Navy Charles S. Thomas sentenced the DI to three months in the brig and reduction to private. Given that the original sentencing was much harsher and involved a Bad-Conduct Discharge, the now-former staff sergeant took his punishment.

Thomas noted in his decision that McKeon’s recruits stood up for him and spoke well of his character.

“I could not help but be impressed how recruit after recruit, who were in his platoon, who had followed him on that fatal night march, testified concerning his character,” he said. “They were initially prosecution witnesses, and their testimony had the ring of sincerity. All of them, college men and men with little schooling, described him as a ‘very patient man’, an ‘extremely patient man’. A number of them stated he helped them with their personal problems. He was always ready to give his recruits ‘the breaks.’”

“I, in my mind, am sure that Sergeant McKeon never meant to harm his men,” Thomas continued. “I am convinced that a punitive separation from the service is not necessary as punishment for this man, nor would the interests of the Marine Corps be served by such a separation. For him, I believe that the real punishment will be always the memory of Ribbon Creek on Sunday night, April 8, 1956. Remorse will never leave him.”

Private McKeon served out his brig time and returned to the Marines, often doing side jobs to make ends meet due to his pay reduction. Eventually, he returned to the rank of corporal, but was medically retired due to a back injury. It was reported that he was well-respected by most Marines who knew of him, and many never brought up what had happened in 1956.

True to Naval Secretary Thomas’ words, McKeon was haunted by the Ribbon Creek Incident for the rest of his life. In 1970, he told Newsweek that he prayed for the lost recruits’ souls nightly, and begged God for forgiveness.

In an effort to re-vitalize the tarnished image brought upon them by the incident, the USMC introduced the distinctive DI campaign cover and Recruit Training Commands, among other reformations designed to separate the “old Corps” from the “new Corps.”

In popular culture, the 1957 film “The D.I.,” directed and starring Jack Webb as the title character with a screenplay written by a Marine veteran, was made with the support of the USMC in hopes that it would highlight the need for hard training.

Retired Corporal Matthew McKeon would later work for the state of Massachusetts as an inspector of standards. He died on November 11, 2003.


Hey John from July 23 … My Dad Patton Brown was in platoon 71 so FUCK YOU were you there? What branch of the military have you served in?


My Dad was at P.I. When the drowning took place. He was in a different platoon. But he remembers his D.I. threatening to walk them into Ribbon creek. Of course that was a scare tactic to discipline his recruits. He told me the story a few months before I went to bootcamp. I joined the Marine Corps on September 9, 1971. I’m now 69 years old. I’m a proud Marine and will always be a Marine. The drowning was a tragedy and life’s were cut short. Families were devastated at a lose of their children. The Marine Corps did change after the drowning, but my drill instructor’s was pretty rough on all of us until 3rd phase. Then we were disciplined boot recruits. Not until we were putting are dress uniforms did he call us Marines. His last words were “Today you are marines, now get out there in platoon formation!” He marched us to the parade deck and dismissed us as Marines. They are tough on recruits but the end results were we were well disciplined Marines.



John ,


Andy Birmingham,

My cousin Norman was among those who died at Ribbon Creek. The family was so proud that he was a marine. He was tall handsome and strong. It happened 4 days before my 7th birthday, and 6 months before my father passed. They are both buried at the Long Island National Cemetery, East Farmingdale, New York. Norman’s grave is on the main portal road, just steps away from my father, his uncle.

Theresa Wood,

I joined the Marines in 1961 but a whole lot didn’t change nor would i want it to slaps in the face and punches in the belly were expected legal or not. The film Full Metal Jacket was as close as it could get to 61 ut i have no regret. SGT MaCuene lived in Worcester Mass where i still live now i heard he was reinstated with back pay but i guess i heard wrong.

Dennis m Cerasoli,

My Uncle was a Ribbon Creek recruit survivor. He never spoke of it and he was an inspiration to me. He was always quick with a joke and was involved with community events and a mentor to many. I joined the Marines after graduating high school. He passed away and is sorely missed.

Kim Kochis,

I was a recruit at Parris Island in June, July and August of 1968. One of our assistant DI’s was SSgt. T.E. McKeon and he told us that his uncle was Matthew McKeon. He told us the story of Ribbon Creek and that if we didn’t “shape up” he would take us on a night march in the swamp. We were in Platoon 184 of the First Recruit Battalion and lived in the old white WWII barracks right by the swamp out back and the parade ground out front. After ITR, I was sent to Quantico, VA and trained as a computer programmer and spent a year or so at MCAS El Toro, CA. and then a year at Camp Buckner (or Butler, I forget) on Okinawa. Discharged in June of 1971 with rank of E-5 Sergeant. The computer field was fairly new back then and if we did a decent job and had good “Pro and Con” marks, we made our rank after our minimum time in grade. I did go before a board of officers on Okinawa to get my Sergeant stripes. In Sept. of 1999, I was once again on Parris Island to watch my daughter Angela and her cousin Jen graduate from Marine Corps boot camp. Being back on the island after 31 years was, to say the least, one of the most amazing days of my life!

Robert Slusser,

I really didn’t appreciate my DI’S at the beginning of boot camp. As we progressed through the weeks and we eventually were able to unbutton our collar button,add some starch and our utilities bloused over our black leather boots shinned to a high degree. We marched with pride past the new recruits that looked at our platoon with amazement and I know they were wondering if they would be part of the Marine Corps that we represented

Gary ,

That event changed a lot on how recruits were trained. We were pulled from overnite stay at Elliots Beach because of cold weather. That probably would have never happened before the swamp incident. Nick 0311

Nick 0311,

Hey Kapena. what year were you at PI? I was also 3rd Herd. Paul


Wow. What tragic story. To get the finest steel it must be forged and tempered. The impurities removed. The methods and processes of producing United States Marines is incumbent upon the drill instructor. With the end result always being the finest steel. (UNITED STATES MARINES) It’s not an easy task. We moved to a modern barracks after spending 1st phase of boot camp in quonset huts. Indoor communal shitter showers and pissers on the 3rd floor. In the dead of night we were awakened by pounding on the door of the duty hut. I observed our drill instructor bolting out of the barracks clad in his white skivvies and drill instructor campaign cover. My whole platoon ran outside and saw a recruit on the ground. He apparently jumped off of our third floor balcony. Our drill instructor was hovering over him, hand on hip feet locked at parade rest with his right arm extended towards him pointing at him with an open hand berating him! Whooa! He bellowed aagh! “So you think you can take the easy way out by jumping out the building!” Hah! The only way out is marching out with your platoon or in a pine box! I was stunned! I jumped into my rack thinking of what he said. Our drill instructor knew that everyone was watching. During 3rd phase just a week before graduating we marched by a 1st phase platoon unbloused ragtag undisciplined mob going past us. 3ft behind the platoon was that private marching in running shoes starting 1st phase all over as we were about to graduate! May God bless the souls of those recruits who died trying to become United States Marines, and may God bless the soul of cpl. Mathew McKeon. SEMPER FIDELIS.


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