The Forgotten Battalion
They started the war as the 10th Marine Regiment, Third Battalion. They were a 75mm pack howitzer battalion. After the Tarawa campaign they were divided into two different battalions with the new battalion becomming the 2nd 155mm Howitzer Battalion.
The 2nd 155mm Howitzer Battalion was named the “Forgotten Battalion” in the February 1945 issue of Leatherneck magazine. They were awarded five battle stars for their actions in the following campaigns:
SaipanGuam (The only unit to be involved in both landings)
They shipped from the United States on July 1, 1942 and returned on approximately April 30, 1945. They served continuously overseas for 34 months.
They were awarded three Presidential Unit Citations and two Navy Unit Citations.
The second flag to fly over Iwo Jima arrived with these men on LST 779. This is the flag shown in the famous Iwo Jima photo.
They are recorded as having been recognized for the following:
First American offensive shots fired in WWII.
First artillery shot in preparation to support an amphibious landing in history.
They fired over 56,000 artillery rounds against the Japanese
They were assigned to the following Marine divisions for each of these landings:
1st MarineGuadalcanal & Tulagi
5th MarineIwo Jima