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The Marine Corps Combat Pistol Program

The Marine Corps Combat Pistol Program

Every Marine is a rifleman. This is evident in every photo of a Marine donning the service alpha uniform, courtesy of the shimmering marksmanship badge over their left breast pocket.  Oftentimes this rifle marksmanship badge is accompanied by another badge, indicating the Marine is qualified with the Beretta M9 service pistol.

The pistol qualification is one that is not required by every Marine; instead, only certain military occupational specialties, officers and staff non-commissioned officers require annual qualification on the service pistol. In order to ensure these Marines are properly trained with the weapon, the Marine Corps implemented the Combat Pistol Program.

The CPP was introduced in 2012 after the Corps decided it needed to revamp its pistol qualification, the entry level pistol program. The ELP course of fire was less combat-oriented and was more inclined to promote fundamentals and accuracy.

While these are essential aspects of pistol marksmanship that challenge the shooter to maintain pinpoint accuracy, the ELP lacked sufficient tactical drills to prepare Marines to draw their weapon and engage a target. Thus, the CPP was introduced.

“The goal of marksmanship training is to develop this proficiency to a combat-effective level,” states Weapons Training Battalion Training Command lesson plan CPP.

One of the hallmarks of the CPP is how the first two stages of qualification start with the weapon in the holster, requiring the Marine to present the weapon and engage the target in one motion – this gives the training a more combat-oriented and tactical approach.

While the CPP is known for its tactical application, the fundamentals and coaching are not abandoned.

Marine Corps Order 3574.2L states, “The execution of dry practice conducted by properly trained CMT [combat marksmanship trainer] and CMC [combat marksmanship coach] Marines is a critical element in the development of a Marine’s fundamental marksmanship skill, speed, and accuracy in the Combat Pistol Program.”

Following classroom instruction and non-fire sessions, Marines participate in live-fire drills – training blocks one through three. During these training blocks, range coaches have the opportunity to mentor and guide Marines during practical application where the ELP did not provide this luxury,  which results in a more qualified, skilled and effective Marine with the service pistol.

Staff Sgt. Brandon Schuster, a CMT with the 3rd Law Enforcement Battalion, III Marine Expeditionary Force Information Group, vehemently supports coaching and its effects – “If we can hone those qualities, those little things…we can take your shooting to another level.”

The ELP was conducted on a National Rifle Association 50-yard bullseye target.  To replace this, the Marksmanship Program Management Section combat pistol target (MPMS-1) was introduced. This scoring system trains Marines to see, present their weapon, and engage the target, rewarding shooters for hitting vital areas – the tighter the grouping in the center, the higher the score.

The MPMS-1 is a favorite with Schuster who states, “The scoring rings, while they’re bigger, they’re more applicable… You’re not grading on a circle, you’re grading on – did you neutralize the target?”

Gunnery Sgt. Jarod Vedsted, the lead instructor with 3rd LE Bn, III MIG and former instructor of the protective services course, states “we’re in tandem with them” when asked how the CPP correlates with civilian counterparts in the sense of basic pistol training.

Tables one through five of the CPP teach basic pistol skills and marksmanship, but any further pistol training does not exist in formal standards in the Marine Corps.

“I do think that’s the direction we’re headed. Now how fast do we get there? And at what varying degrees? I don’t know,” states Schuster, “but from my experience with Marine Gunners, they are always looking for ways to better the program.”

The CPP is just one of the ways the Marine Corps has made efforts to make its training more realistic and combat-oriented to better prepare Marines. “Programs evolve as we learn new things about marksmanship,” says Schuster.

Marines are supporters of the CPP, and five years after its official release, it still receives praise among marksmanship instructors. “I prefer it,” said Schuster, “The CPP definitely introduced a more tactical mindset on the pistol range.”  Wherever the Marksmanship Program Management Section goes next, Marines are likely to be enthusiastic and motivated to send rounds down range.

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Comments

George Goodwin - April 28, 2020

I recently watched a Youtube video on this pistol program or at least a version of it. The program is horrible. There is an unnecessary amount of body movement. You fight like you train, removing the magazine and tapping the back of the slide is a recipe for disaster. I was trained on and received the Sharpshooter badge for qualifying with both the 1911 and M9 when I was a MP. I am also a 26 year member of civilian law enforcement so I am speaking from knowledge. Police agencies take a lot of training input from the military but this is one area they may want to take some from the police. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Sjf1GyCjinU

Ron Wilson - April 28, 2020

If your MOS was Radio Operator, you SHOULD HAVE been properly Trained AND AWARDED The Pistol Marksmanship Badge. Better Check that out. Your County Veteran’s Service Officer can do that.

Ron - April 28, 2020

Lawrence, what pistol badge did you get? We, Hollywood Marines didn’t get any for the pistol.

Lawrence W. Heyliger - April 28, 2020

I remember back 64 in Paris Island and in AIT we all trained on M-14s M-1s and 1911-45s. And while in Vietnam in 66 we felt alot better when on patrols if you managed to get whole of a backup (a 45) you was that much better off. When the rifle miss fired at close ranger or if you managed to get while in the field r&r, you didn’t go nowhere with out your 45 and combat knife. I have my rifle and a pistol badges. I used initiative. We did use them both and thank God above for the ability. Those two weapons kept us alive and well.

Lawrence W. Heyliger - April 28, 2020

I remember back 64 in Paris Island and in AIT we all trained on M-14s M-1s and 1911-45s. And while in Vietnam in 66 we felt alot better when on patrols if you managed to get whole of a backup (a 45) you was that much better off. When the rifle miss fired at close ranger or if you managed to get while in the field r&r, you didn’t go nowhere with out your 45 and combat knife. I have my rifle and a pistol badges. I used initiative. We did use them both and thank God above for the ability. Those two weapons kept us alive and well.

Ron - April 28, 2020

I remember being trained using the 1911-A1 pistol because that was what I carried as a radio operator on a Forward Observer Team in Vietnam back in 1966-67. However, back then we were not issued a metal for this like we did for the rifle. I wish they had because now on my DAV Honor Guard uniform there is an empty space under my metals and next to the rifle metal. The training you mentioned will help carry over into their civilian life afterwards. That will make for a few less john Wayne’s out there who THINK they know how to handle a pistol.

SSgt Bob Tollison - April 28, 2020

Great story on the CPP. However, there were earlier attempts to bring combat pistol shooting to the forefront. I was an instructor at the Marksmanship Training Unit of Division Schools at Camp Pendleton in the mid ’80’s. Our primary job was to train Marines into becoming rifle PMI’s for their home units. After awhile, someone suggested that we ramp up the pistol training also. We found an empty pistol range that no one was using or going to use, set up targets (including some metal man-sized ones) and worked out a training scenario. We even had a trail set up where the shooter would walk through and we had pop up targets that the Marine could fire on. It was pretty effective for a bunch of marksmanship Marines getting together and working/designing it themselves. Glad to see that some other Marines have taken up the cause and carried on in a more official capacity! Semper Fi!

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